Panarea

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  • Italy
  • Italy
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.63°N
  • 15.07°E

  • 421 m
    1381 ft

  • 211041
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

6 November-12 November 2002

On 4 November, bubbling, a strong sulfur smell, and micro-telluric tremor were observed in the sea near Panarea Island in the Aeolian Archipelago. The submarine hydrothermal activity killed hundreds of fish. According to Stromboli On-Line, the temperature of the water in the area was not very high (~25°C). They stated that an intensification of degassing and consequent bubbling occurred in the area surrounding the small islet of Lisca Bianca, about 2 km E of Panarea.

Sources: Stromboli On-Line, Associated Press



 Available Weekly Reports


2002: November


6 November-12 November 2002

On 4 November, bubbling, a strong sulfur smell, and micro-telluric tremor were observed in the sea near Panarea Island in the Aeolian Archipelago. The submarine hydrothermal activity killed hundreds of fish. According to Stromboli On-Line, the temperature of the water in the area was not very high (~25°C). They stated that an intensification of degassing and consequent bubbling occurred in the area surrounding the small islet of Lisca Bianca, about 2 km E of Panarea.

Sources: Stromboli On-Line, Associated Press


There are no Holocene eruptions known for Panarea. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Calanchi N, Capaccioni B, Martini M, Tassi F, Valentini L, 1995. Submarine gas-emission from Panarea Island (Aeolian Archipelago): distribution of inorganic and organic compounds and inferences about source conditions. Acta Vulc, 7: 43-48.

Calanchi N, Peccerillo A, Tranne C A, Lucchini F, Rossi P L, Kempton P, Barbieri M, Wu T W, 2002. Petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks from the island of Panarea: implications for mantle evolution beneath the Aeolian island arc (southern Tyrrhenian Sea). J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 367-395.

Calanchi N, Tranne C A, Lucchini F, Rossi P L, Villa I M, 1999. Explanatory notes to the geological map (1:10,000) of Panarea and Basiluzzo islands (Aeolian arc, Italy).. Acta Vulc, 11: 223-243..

Capaldi G, Civetta L, Gillot P Y, 1985. Geochronology of Plio-Pleistocene volcanic rocks from southern Italy. Rendiconti Soc Italiana Min Petr, 40: 25-44.

Cimarelli C, De Rita D, Dolfi D, Procesi M, 2008. Coeval strombolian and vulcanian-type explosive eruptions at Panarea (Aeolian Islands, Southern Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 177: 797-811.

Dolfi D, de Rita D, Cimarelli C, Mollo S, Soligo M, Fabbri M, 2007. Dome growth rates, eruption frequency and assessment of volcanic hazard: insights from new U/Th dating of the Panarea and Basiluzzo dome lavas and pyroclastics, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Quat Internat, 162-163: 182-194.

Esposito A, Anzidei M, Atzori S, Devoti R, Giordano G, Pietrantonio G, 2010. Modeling ground deformations of Panarea volcano hydrothermal/geothermal system (Aeolian Islands, Italy) from GPS data. Bull Volc, 72: 609-621.

Esposito A, Giordano G, Anzidei M, 2006. The 2002-2003 submarine gas eruption at Panarea volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): volcanology of the seafloor and implications for hazards scenario. Marine Geol, 227: 119-134.

Favalli M, Karatson D, Mazzuoli R, Pareschi M T, Ventura G, 2005. Volcanic geomorphology and tectonics of the Aeolian archipelago (Southern Italy) based on integrated DEM data. Bull Volc, 68: 157-170.

Gabbianelli G, Gillot P Y, Lanzafame G, Romagnoli C, Rossi P L, 1990. Tectonic and volcanic evolution of Panarea (Aeolian Islands, Italy). Marine Geol, 92: 313-326.

Gabbianelli G, Romagnoli C, Rossi P L, Calanchi N, 1993. Marine geology of the Panarea - Stromboli area (Aeolian Archipelago, southeastern Tyrrhenian Sea). Acta Vulc, 3: 11-20.

Gamberi F, Marani M, Savelli C, 1997. Tectonic, volcanic and hydrothermal featues of a submarine portion of the Aeolian arc (Tyrrhenian Sea). Marine Geol, 140: 167-181.

Lucchi F, Tranne C A, Calanchi N, Rossi P L, 2007. Late Quaternary deformation history of the volcanic edifice of Panarea, Aeolian Arc, Italy. Bull Volc, 69: 239-257.

Peccerillo A, 2005. Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Berlin: Springer, 365 p.

Savelli C, Marini M, Gamberi F, 1999. Geochemistry of metalliferous, hydrothermal deposits in the Aeolian arc (Tyrrhenian Sea). J Volc Geotherm Res, 88: 305-323.

The mostly submerged Panarea volcanic complex lies about halfway between Stromboli and Lipari in the eastern part of the Aeolian Islands. The 421-m-high island of Panarea, the smallest in the Aeolian Archipelago, lies on the western side of a shallow platform whose shelf margin is at about 130 m depth. A series of small islands breach the surface to form the Central Reefs, the rim of a crater 2 km east of Panarea whose shallow submerged floor contains Roman ruins. The submerged Secca dei Pesci lava dome lies at the SE end of the platform, and the rhyolitic Basiluzzo lava dome rises 165 m above the surface at the NE end, along a ridge trending towards Stromboli volcano. The Panarea complex was constructed in two main stages; initial effusive activity that produced lava domes, and an explosive stage. The youngest subaerial airfall-tephra deposits of the Panarea complex are dated at about 20,000 years ago; a <10,000 BP date on a lava flow is uncertain. Vigorous hydrothermal activity has continued at fumarolic fields at several locations on the submerged platform, and submarine hydrothermal explosions have occurred in historical time.