Calatrava Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.87°N
  • 4.02°W

  • 1117 m
    3664 ft

  • 210040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Calatrava Volcanic Field.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Calatrava Volcanic Field.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
3600 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Columba

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Gonzalez Cardenas E, Gosalvez Rey R U, Escobar Lahoz E, Becerra Ramirez R, 2007. Condiciones medioambientales en el Holoceno medio del Campo de Calatrava (Ciudad Real, Espana): resultados preliminares. Actas Cong Nac Biogeogr, in press.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Lopez-Ruiz J, Maria Cebria J, Doblas M, 2002. Cenozoic volcanism I: the Iberian peninsula. In: Gibbons W, Moreno T (eds) {The Geology of Spain}, Geol Soc London, 649 p.

The dominantly Pliocene Calatrava volcanic field lies in central Spain near Ciudad Real. The more than 300 basaltic-to-foiditic pyroclastic cones, maars, and lava domes cover an area of more than 5000 sq km. The Calatrava volcanic field is mostly of Pliocene or late-Pleistocene age, although late-stage phreatomagmatic activity at Columba volcano was dated at the mid-Holocene. The volcanic field lies in a continental rift setting and contains several lake-filled maars. Fumarolic activity was recorded in the Sierra de Valenzuela area during the 16th-18th centuries.