Chaîne des Puys

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.775°N
  • 2.97°E

  • 1464 m
    4802 ft

  • 210020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Chaîne des Puys.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Chaîne des Puys.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4040 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Montcineyre, Estivadoux, Pavin
5760 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Come, Puy Montchier
6020 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puy de Lassolas, Puy de la Vache
6250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Pariou
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puys Chopine, Vasset, Cratère Kilian
7020 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Taphanel tephra
7740 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy Mey
7840 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Western Puy de Dôme

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Brousse R, 1973. Le volcanisme Quaternaire en France-chronologie des differentes phase eruptives de la Chaine des Puys au Quaternaire recent. Internatl Quat Assoc (INQUA) Cong, 9: 105-109.

de Goer A, Boivin P, Camus G, Gourgaud A, Kieffer G, Mergoil J, Vincent P M, 1991. Volcanologie de la Chaine des Puys. Paris: Inst Geog Natl, 127 p and 1:25,000 geol map.

Geunet P, 1986. Datation par l'analyse pollinique de l'explosion des volcans du groupe Pavin (Besse-en-Chandesse, Puy-de-Dome, France). 11 Reun Ann Sci Terre, Clermont-Ferrand, Ed Soc Geol France, p 85.

Guerin G, 1989. La thermoluminescence des plagioclases, methode de datation du volcanisme. Application au domaine volcanique Francais: Chaine des Puys, Monts-Dore, Cezallier, Bas-Vivarais. Unpublished PhD thesis, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie, 253 p.

Hetier J M, Guillet B, Brousse R, Delibrias G, Maury R C, 1983. 14-C dating of buried soils in the volcanic Chaine des Puys (France). Bull Volc, 46: 193-202.

Juvigne E, Bastin B, Beaulieu J L de, Etlicher M, Gewelt M, Gilot E, Goeury C, Janssen C R, Milcamps V, Van Leeuwen J, 1990. Tephrostratigraphy of the late glacial and the Holocene of the French Massif Central based on investigations in peat-bogs. IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Abs, (unpaginated).

Krafft M, 1974. Guide des Volcans d'Europe. Neuchatel: Delachaux & Niestle, 412 p.

Pelletier H, Delibrias G, Labeyrie J, Perquis M T, Rudel A, 1959. Mesure de l'age d'une des coulees volcaniques issues du Puy de la Vache (Puy de Dome) par la methode du carbone 14. CR Acad Sci Paris, Series-D, 214: 2221.

Rutten M G, 1969. The Geology of Western Europe. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 520 p.

The Chaîne des Puys, prominent in the history of volcanology, form a N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central that has been active into the Holocene. Construction of the present-day Chaîne des Puys began about 70,000 years before present (BP), and was largely completed by the beginning of the Holocene. Holocene eruptions constructed lava domes such as the Puy de Dôme, whose growth was accompanied by pyroclastic flows, cinder cones that fed lengthy lava flows, and maars. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 years BP near Besse-en-Chandesse and included the powerful explosions that formed the Lac Pavin maar. The dating of younger tephras has not yet been confirmed, and reports of historical eruptions as late as 1000 years BP have been discredited.