West Eifel Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 50.17°N
  • 6.85°E

  • 600 m
    1968 ft

  • 210010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for West Eifel Volcanic Field.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for West Eifel Volcanic Field.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
8300 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Strohn, Pulvermaar
8740 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Ulmener Maar

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Buchel G, Lorenz V, 1982. Zum Alter des Maarvulkanismus der Westeifel. Neues Jahrb Geol Palaont Abh, 163: 1-22.

Keyser M, Ritter J R R, Jordan M, 2002. 3D shear-wave velocity structure of the Eifel plume, Germany. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 203: 59-82.

Krafft M, 1974. Guide des Volcans d'Europe. Neuchatel: Delachaux & Niestle, 412 p.

Mertes H, Schmincke H-U, 1983. Age distribution of volcanoes in the West-Eifel. Neues Jahrb Geol Palaont Monatsh, 166: 260-293.

Ritter J R R, Jordan M, Christensen U R, Achauer U, 2000. A mantle plume below the Eifel volcanic fields, Germany. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 186: 7-14.

Rutten M G, 1969. The Geology of Western Europe. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 520 p.

Shaw C S J, 2004. The temporal evolution of three magmatic systems in the West Eifel volcanic field, Germany. J Volc Geotherm Res, 131: 213-240.

Shaw C S J, Woodland A B, Hopp J, Trenholm N D, 2010. Structure and evolution of the Rockeskyllerkopf Volcanic Complex, West Eifel Volcanic Field, Germany. Bull Volc, 72: 971-990.

Zolitschka B, Negendank J F W, Lottermoser B G, 1995. Sedimentological proof and dating of the early Holocene volcanic eruption of Ulmener Maar (Vulkaneifel, Germany). Geol Rundschau, 84: 213-219.

The West Eifel volcanic field in the Rhineland district of western Germany SW of the city of Bonn is a dominantly Pleistocene group of 240 scoria cones, maars, and small stratovolcanoes covering an area of about 600 sq km. The West Eifel volcanic field lies about 40 km SW of the smaller, but better known East Eifel volcanic field. Individual vents, most of which cover a broad NW-SE-trending area extending about 50 km from the towns of Ormont on the NW to Bad Bertrich on the SE, were erupted above a mantle plume through Devonian sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Scoria cones, about half of which have produced lava flows, form two-thirds of the volcanic centers, and about 30% are maars or tuff rings, many of which are occupied by lakes. About 230 eruptions have occurred during the past 730,000 years. The latest eruptions formed the Ulmener, Pulvermaar, and Strohn maars around the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of the Holocene.